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Juvenile Person

Jejune is a synonym for juvenile in the sense of something childish or immature. But jejune can also describe something that is bland or uninspiring, as in He wrote a jejune story about making eggs for breakfast.

juvenile person

There are lots of words to describe children of various ages. A baby is generally a year old or younger and a preschooler is no more than 5-years-old, while an adolescent or a teenager is often aged 13 to 19. A juvenile, however, can describe any of these ages.

The word juvenile is often used when discussing children who break the law. A juvenile delinquent is a criminal who is a minor, usually younger than 18 years old. Minors are children who are tried in a juvenile court and are sentenced to a juvenile detention center.

Juveniles are automatically charged as adults for any crime they allegedly commit at age 18 or older. Also, a 16- or 17-year-old who commits a motor vehicle offense, such as a speeding violation, must be charged as an adult. Although less common, juveniles who are under the age of 18 must be charged as adults if they are emancipated or have a prior criminal conviction in adult court for certain offenses.

In certain situations, transfer to adult court is mandatory. If a juvenile court judge finds probable cause that a juvenile who is 13 or older committed a Class A felony, such as first-degree murder, the judge must transfer the case to adult criminal court without a transfer hearing. Additionally, a 16- or 17-year-old, who is alleged to have committed a Class A, B1, B2, C, D, E, F, or G felony, must be transferred to adult criminal court without a transfer hearing, if either of the following occurs: (1) a juvenile court judge finds probable cause for the offense; or (2) a prosecutor obtains an indictment.

No. An adjudication of delinquency in juvenile court is not a conviction of a crime nor does it cause the juvenile to forfeit any citizenship rights. Also, unlike a criminal conviction, an adjudication of delinquency is not a public record.

The exact procedures in a particular case will vary depending on factors, such as whether the juvenile is alleged to be delinquent or undisciplined, whether the juvenile is in secure or nonsecure custody, and whether the juvenile is charged with a felony or misdemeanor, if alleged to be delinquent. Juveniles with questions about how their cases will proceed should consult with their attorneys for advice.

Yes, but only in very limited circumstances. An undisciplined juvenile may be held in secure custody for no more than 24 hours, unless part of that time falls on a weekend or State holiday. After 24 hours in secure custody, an undisciplined juvenile must be returned to the custody of a parent or guardian, unless the court has issued an order for nonsecure custody. You can read more about the legal criteria for secure and nonsecure custody in G.S. 7B-1903.

No. Unlike adults who are charged with crimes, juveniles do not have the right to bail. However, if a juvenile is placed in secure or nonsecure custody, the court must hold regular hearings to review the need for continued custody. A juvenile must have an initial hearing within five calendar days, if placed in secure custody, and within seven calendar days, if placed in nonsecure custody. Further hearings on the need for continued secure custody are held at intervals of no more than ten calendar days, unless waived by the juvenile. Further hearings on the need for continued nonsecure custody are held within seven business days of the initial hearing and then every thirty calendar days. At each hearing on the need for continued custody, the State must show by clear and convincing evidence that continued custody is necessary and that no less intrusive alternative is sufficient. Juveniles have the right to be represented by an attorney, and if they are alleged to be delinquent, the court will appoint an attorney for them. Juveniles and their parents also may present evidence, address the court, and examine witnesses.

You can read more about the eligibility requirements and process for filing a petition for expunction of juvenile records in G.S. 7B-3200. To request an expunction, you may use forms AOC-J-903, AOC-J-904, and AOC-J-909. There is no filing fee for an expunction of juvenile records.

The Juvenile Department has delinquency jurisdiction over children and juveniles from age 8 until their 18th birthday. There are video's below that can give you more information on the delinquency process.

Do you need to consult with the Juvenile Department Presiding Judge regarding a potential Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA) matter tied to Maricopa County, Arizona? If so, please outreach email the Juvenile Department public inbox at

There is a juvenile and domestic relations district court in each Virginia city and county. In Virginia, a juvenile is any person under 18 years of age. The juvenile and domestic relations district court hears all matters involving juveniles such as criminal or traffic matters. Juvenile delinquency cases are cases involving a minor under the age of 18 who has been accused of committing an offense that would be considered criminal if committed by an adult. Other juvenile offenses may be referred to as status offenses. Status offenses are those acts that are unlawful only because they are committed by a minor.

If a person who holds a Juvenile Martial Arts Instructor permit is convicted of a disqualifying offense, the person shall notify the Department within 14 days of the date of the conviction according to Wis. Stat. 440.03(17)(f).

Within the past 14 days, have you, while not wearing appropriate personal protective equipment, been in close physical contact (six feet or closer for at least 15 minutes) with a person who is known to have laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, or with anyone who has any symptoms consistent with COVID-19?

As an alternative to in person, you may continue to be able to video visit with your loved one using Microsoft Teams. Visit this page for more details. (En Espanol) Cards, letter writing and phone calls are encouraged.

When children commit crimes, whether it's shoplifting or assault and battery, their cases are typically heard in juvenile court, where the emphasis is on counseling and rehabilitation versus hard time. The common belief is that juveniles still have a lot of time to mature and become functioning members of society, along with concerns that adult prisons are no place for a minor.

In the eyes of the law, a juvenile or a minor is any person under the legal adult age. This age varies from state to state, but in most states the legal age of majority is 18. In several states, such as New York, Connecticut, and North Carolina, a juvenile is age 16 or younger; and in Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Texas and Wisconsin, a juvenile is age 17 or younger.

As well as having upper age limits, juvenile jurisdictions also have lower age limits. Most states specify that prior to age six or seven, juveniles lack mens rea, or criminal intent. At this young age, juveniles also are thought to lack the ability to tell right from wrong, or dolci incapax.

One's status as a juvenile or as an adult is pertinent for the court's determination of the jurisdiction under which an offender falls: the adult or the juvenile court system. If it's decided that a juvenile will be tried in a juvenile court, most states allow the juvenile to remain under that jurisdiction until the defendant's 21st birthday.

Relying on age as a sole determinant for adulthood has been criticized by many criminologists and policy makers since individuals develop at different rates. Some youth are far more mature at 17 or 18 than are some adults. Because of this discrepancy, juvenile court judges have been given broad discretion to waive juveniles to adult court for trial and sentencing.

In rare situations, the courts also have the power to emancipate a juvenile in a civil proceeding so that they become an adult under the law and are granted certain adult privileges. For example, if a 17-year-old loses both parents and has no other living relatives, they could be emancipated in order to pursue custody of their younger siblings.

The juvenile justice system operates differently from the one used to try adult cases, mostly as a way to protect children and hopefully guide them to make better choices as they get older. But regardless of whether your case is in adult or juvenile court, legal representation can make a big difference in the outcome. For this reason, you should consider reaching out to a local criminal defense attorney if you've been charged with a crime.

When a person who is under 16 years old, but is at least 7 years old, commits an act which would be a "crime" if he or she were an adult, and is then found to be in need of supervision, treatment or confinement, the person is called a "juvenile delinquent". The act committed is called a "delinquent act". All juvenile delinquency cases are heard in Family Court. Children who are 13, 14 and 15 years old who commit more serious or violent acts may be treated as adults. These cases may be heard in Supreme Court, but may sometimes be transferred to the Family Court. If found guilty, the child is called a "juvenile offender", and is subject to more serious penalties than a juvenile delinquent.

A prosecuting attorney from the New York City Law Department, called an "Assistant Corporation Counsel", presents the juvenile delinquency case. An Assistant District Attorney presents cases involving juvenile offenders, and some juvenile delinquency cases involving certain serious crimes (called "designated felonies"). The presentment agency (prosecutor) prepares a petition against the child containing a description of the acts he or she is accused of committing. The accused child is called the "respondent". The victim in the case is called the "complainant". 041b061a72


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